Russian experts recently upgraded Syria’s long-range radar systems in an effort to provide Iran with an early warning in the event of an attack on its nuclear facilities.
The Russian experts operated in the radar facility south of Damascus, where several relatively old radar systems are stationed. The experts brought new equipment with them, which was attached to the existing systems, and modified software for other systems. Similar work was done on the radar system positioned at Mount Sannine in Lebanon.
The upgraded radar covers a wide area in the eastern Mediterranean sea, and can detect aerial activity up to ranges of hundreds of kilometers. Special sites in Syria that are fully or partially manned by Russian operators, primarily near Tartus Port, are involved in the Syrian effort to sound an early alarm against any aircraft on their way to attack Iran.
It is not clear to what level the Syrian radar systems were upgraded, but it is known that Russia has invested considerable efforts and funds in recent years to upgrade its radar capabilities. This is in part due to the imminent introduction of the US F-35 stealth fighter into operational use, which was also procured by the Israeli Air Force. In addition, Russia claims that it has developed the capability to detect stealth aircraft by positioning several radars in a certain area.